Western Australian Aboriginal Justice Agreement

The development and implementation of a wide range of prevention and diversion methods for Aboriginal offenders; promote the use of diversions, including through the development of Aboriginal courts and alternative prison initiatives. Increase opportunities for Aboriginal youth, particularly in remote areas and regions, to access all youth diversion services, including the extension of juvenile justice teams to regional sites. 16.58 Fiona Allison and Professor Chris Cunneen argued that the YJAs have «effectively advanced the engagement of the indigenous community, self-management and ownership where they have put in place effective and well-coordinated community judicial structures.» [61] 16.55 In the context of Western Australia, Kimberley Community Legal Services argued that «without an AJA, efforts to minimize the over-representation of Aboriginal people in the VA criminal justice system will continue to be affected by the lack of coordination between VA justice programs.» [58] 16.28 An AJA is a formal agreement between governments and Aboriginal peoples and Torres Strait Islander communities to work together to improve equity outcomes. It provides strategic planning for criminal issues involving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and allows for the creation of common judicial objectives between different departments and agencies. It facilitates partnerships between communities and governmental and Aboriginal organizations at several levels, including at the local level, to jointly develop, implement and assess responses to supranational detention. It also improves accountability by setting clear goals and establishing measurable action plans. [30] 16.53 The AJA should provide for the creation of common judicial objectives between departments and authorities. Otherwise, retention programs and initiatives may be isolated from other agencies and initiatives. (d) Over-representation – reducing the over-representation of Aboriginal people (as offenders and victims) in the criminal justice system.

The Aboriginal Justice Plan (2000) (AJP) was developed by the Coordinating Committee on Justice (JCC) and the Aboriginal Justice Council (AJC)) in response to the results of the 1997 Ministerial Summit on Aboriginal Deaths in Detention. It contains a vision, principles and framework to guide measures to reduce the number of Aboriginal people entering the criminal justice system. It is not a number of programs or services that need to be implemented, but how Aboriginal communities can set priorities and negotiate with government authorities to provide the resources and services needed to address the underlying problems that ultimately lead to excessive representation of Aboriginal people in the criminal justice system.