Turkey Libya Oil Agreement

This week, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s communications director, Fahrettin Altun, tweeted that the military agreement would «improve the security of the Libyan people.» However, details of the memorandums signed on Wednesday have yet to be published. Under the agreement, Turkey and the UN-recognized government have seen increased cooperation in Libya. This cooperation ranges from Turkey`s offshore exploration efforts to the government`s support of the National Agreement, to the ongoing Libyan civil war (2014-present). [22] As the issues arising from the dispute are still evolving, the full consequences of this maritime conflict are not yet foreseeable. Turkey and the government of the national agreement have signed a maritime border treaty to create an exclusive economic zone in the Mediterranean, meaning they can claim rights to basic marine resources. [1] According to the list of maritime border treaties, this is the first agreement ever signed between the two countries and thus introduces a new dynamic in the eastern Mediterranean region. However, there are concerns that the agreement could fuel an «energy showdown» in the region because it is highly controversial. [2] While Israel`s construction of the Leviathan project has been largely smooth, albeit tedious, I have also suggested that Turkey`s regional ambitions could and would complicate the situation, particularly with regard to maritime sovereignty. Turkey is now bending to its geopolitical muscles in the region and signs a highly controversial agreement on the delimitation of maritime borders with Libya. The agreement attempts to rewrite the exclusive economic zones of the Mediterranean and give Turkey a significant say in transnational gas exploration and pipeline construction.

Some analysts believe that Erdogan`s maritime requirements at the east-Med border were specifically designed to block the pipeline plan. But the Turkish government has put forward other reasons to justify the country`s right to obtain maritime agreement with the Tripoli government and the agreement allowing Turkish troops to deploy to Libya.